Amani Forest Nature Reserve is one of the latest Nature Reserve establishedby the government to protect flora and fauna of eastUsambara. It harbors some of the animals only seen in Usambara such as Nduk eagle owl. It was first established in 1902 as an agriculture research station by the Germans, and was turned into a nature reserve in 1997. Amani Botanical gardens, the second largest botanical garden in the world lies in this reserve. Today the area continues to play a significant part in medical research hosting the Amani Medical Research Centre . The Nature Reserve has now been turned into an eco tourism attraction with greater emphasis on walking and hiking.
Walking and hiking through the forestry is the main attraction. Well-
Three routes have been established :